Virginia Comolli runs the IISS Security and Development Programme analyzing complex forms of insecurity afflicting the developing world. She first joined the Institute’s Defence Analysis Department in 2006 conducting research on Sub-Saharan Africa. A member of the Transnational Threats and Political Risk team between 2007 and 2014, she worked on international terrorism, radicalization, organized crime and drugs, and conflict. In this capacity she was seconded to the UK Ministry of Justice. She has prior experience in the intelligence unit of a private security company and in a strategic intelligence firm. Virginia is a member of the European Expert Network on Terrorism Issues (EENeT) and of the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime. She is the author of “Boko Haram: Nigeria’s Islamist Insurgency” (Hurst, 2015) and the co-author with Nigel Inkster of “Drugs, Insecurity and Failed States: the Problems of Prohibition” (Routledge, 2012). She is currently editing a volume on the strategic implications of transnational organised crime.