Former Minister of Education
Gideon Saar was born in Tel Aviv. His mother was a teacher, and his father was a pediatrician who had emigrated to Israel from Argentina. Following military service in the IDF's "Golani" brigade, he obtained degrees in political science and law from Tel Aviv University, while also working as a political and legal correspondent for the "Chadashot" journal and Channel 2 news. Upon completing his studies, he worked in the Tel Aviv District Attorney's Office and then opened his own law practice. In 1999 he was appointed to serve in the first Netanyahu government, and two years later was re-appointed to serve in the government of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. In 2003 Saar, a member of the Likud Party, was elected to the Knesset, where he spent six years as Chairman of the Likud faction. His service in the Knesset included the Vice Chairmanship of the legislature and Chairmanship of the Committee on the Status of Women. In 2009 Saar was appointed Minister of Education, a position he held for four years. During this period he also served on the Israeli Security Cabinet. In 2013 Saar became Minister of Interior, and a year later he resigned from the government and from his position in the Knesset after announcing his departure from politics. Upon leaving politics, Saar joined the INSS as a senior fellow from 2014 to 2016. In April 2017 he announced his return to public service and the political arena.